Ski Cross Glossary

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[[Air Time]] The time from the end of the jump till the landing

Arm guard a specially designed cover that protects the arms from fall and the hitting the gate poles

Back protector a specially designed cover that protects the back from impacts

Bank An inclined curve out of snow which helps to make a turn.

big final the final round from of a ski cross competition

Blocking purposeful preventing a faster skier from passing, by turning or preventing the line

Body armor: Specially designed anatomically pieces of equipment that protects certain body parts

Boot height: the height of the heel or sole of the boot from the bottom of the boot

Brackets: A group of 4 skiers that are selected to compete against each other Change of Direction crossing the fall line twice

Colored bibs: Red, Green Blue and Yellow

Coloring a liquid that is used to mark different parts of the course to increase visibility and provide information about the coming features

Corner jump A jump with a sharp turn on landing

Count down clock a digital light display used to count down the time before the next start sequence

Course design a detailed plan of the layout of the course including the number of features, changes of direction, safety measures and finish area Course designer An individual that consider the natural features of slope and then using them and additionally creating new artificial temporary features prepares a drawing and construction plan for the course Course length the measured length of the course in meters from the start gate to the finish line Course testing a series of runs before the official training which determines the suitability of the course for competition

Determination of winner crossing the finish first or the getting the further down the course

Disqualification 1 Missing a gate, will be ranked within the round as last place

Disqualification 2 Will be classified as DSQ, but not ranked, caused unsportsmanlike behavior Draw a random sorting of the different seeded groups to determine the start list

Fall line The most direct and fastest way to a slope

Features a series of natural or specially designed course elements on the course

Finalist The number of competitors allowed to compete in the final rounds of the competition

Finish area The area directly after the finish line and before the exit gate. The area is for deceleration

Finish line A demarked line where the end of the field of play

Finish line camera A high speed camera that take pictures at a rate of 1000 per second. It is used to determine who crossed the finish, first, second or third.

Finish Referee fast start moving into first place

First Turn The first change of direction after the start gate demarked by a gate

Flat turn The turn with no jump or roll in any part of the turn

[[Gate flag]] A triangular panel held in place by short pole (stubies) on the short side and longer pole on the other side.

Gate judge A competition official that determines if the skier has passed thru the gate according to the rules

Heat A group of 4 to 6 skier that been determined by the qualifications ranking or by the successful advancement from previous round

Heat order List of heats in order that they run in

Hole shoot The skier with the fastest start and therefore that times the body motions with the exact timing of the opening of the start gate.

incidental contact

Inspection A set time when the competitors can review the course from the start to finish. They need to have their equipment on including the helmet and bid. They cannot ski the course but must slide down and observation the location of the features and turns.

Interval the set time between

Kicker Take Off point for all varieties of jumps

KO System 'KO' stands for 'Knock Out', which means a system that eliminates part of the field after each heat.

Land marks Positions on the body

Landing The steep slope that the skiers make contact with the snow after a jump

Lane choice Each gate is colored coded and the skier with the better rank in the qualification round get to chose first, 2nd chooses second, etc.

LZ (Landing Zone) LZ stands for Landing Zone, which is the probable location where the competitors will land, given speed of the section of the course, the size of the jump and the angle of the takeoff

Missed gate Not properly passing thru a gate according to the rules

Pass / passing one skier overtakes or moves past another skier's) due to a high velocity of the passing skiers or a lower velocity of passed skier

Photo finish the image take by a high speed camera of the skiers that cross the finish line.

PolingPart of the upper movements to increase velocity

Pro jump see 'step down' jump

Protection Plastic protection for various parts of the body (i.e. shoulders, arms, back, legs).

Qualification an interval based time trail Roller A “wave or series of waves” (gentle jumps) which the athlete can either absorb or jump.

Roller turn


Seeding A ranking of the skiers based upon their world cup standings and FIS points

Service area a location on the course usually at the start where the service personal prepare the skis Service tech A service person that prepares and maintains technical equipment

Sintered Base: High molecular-weight base formed by the heating and compression of small fragments of P-tex. Sintered bases absorb and hold wax better and are more durable than extruded bases, i.e. they are faster.

Skating lower body movement where the skiers put the skis on the edge and pushes off to increase velocity

Ski marking the process used to identity the skis that can be used in competitions Ski plates

Ski preparation the preparation of the base and ski edges to increase performance

Ski size Shall be made of two pieces, pants and top and worn over the body armor Ski suit measurement

Skiing line the fastest line around the gates

Small final The heat that decides the ranking for 5th to 8th place Snow temperature the surface temperature of the snow measured in degree Celsius


Speed check

Staging area

Start command A three announcements are given, with different instructions at each phase., The start command is 'Skiers Ready', 'Attention!!'

Start gate A mechanical device an opening system, handles

Start handles 10 cm long posts 95 cm of the snow located on the start gate, that skiers hold onto to gain some mechanical advantage once the gate opens.

Start referee

Step Down Jump A jump where the landing is lower than the starting point.

Step Up Jump A jump where the landing is higher than the starting point.

[[Straight jump]

Table A jump where the landing is on the same level or a little higher than the kicker.

Transfer jump

Traverse Traveling perpendicular to the fall line.

Tucking Taking an aerodynamic position by reducing the frontal surface area.

Turn around time the total time it take to start and complete a run and arrive back to the start area.

Vertical drop the total difference expressed in meters from the start elevation to the finish elevation Video control the viewing of live video image of the competition course and watching for pushing pulling, grabbing, blocking and missed gates

Waxing Application of substances to the base of the skis

Yellow flag used by the gate personal to indicated that there has been an obstruction on the course

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