Standards For Testing - WADA

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[edit] 5.0 Notification of Athletes

[edit] 5.1 Objective

The objective is to ensure that reasonable attempts are made to locate the Athlete, the selected Athlete is notified as outlined in Clause 5.4.1, the rights of the Athlete are maintained, there are no opportunities to manipulate the Sample to be provided, and the notification is documented.

5.1 Comment: WADA will produce guidelines to assist ADOs in determining what constitutes reasonable attempts to locate an Athlete in the specific context of Section

[edit] 5.2 General

Notification of Athletes starts when the ADO initiates the notification of the selected Athlete and ends when the Athlete arrives at the Doping Control Station or when the Athlete’s possible failure to comply is brought to the ADO’s attention.

The main activities are: Appointment of DCOs, Chaperones and other Sample Collection Personnel; Locating the Athlete and confirming his/her identity; Informing the Athlete that he/she has been selected to provide a Sample and of his/her rights and responsibilities; For No Advance Notice Sample collection, continuously chaperoning the Athlete from the time of notification to the arrival at the designated Doping Control Station; and Documenting the notification, or notification attempt.

[edit] 5.3 Requirements prior to notification of Athletes

5.3.1 Other than by exception, No Advance Notice shall be the notification method for Sample collection.

5.3.2 To conduct or assist with Sample Collection Sessions, the ADO shall appoint and authorise Sample Collection Personnel who have been trained for their assigned responsibilities, who do not have a conflict of interest in the outcome of the Sample collection, and who are not Minors.

5.3.3 Sample Collection Personnel shall have official authorisation documentation that is provided and controlled by the ADO. In the case of DCOs, such documentation shall identify them by name. DCOs shall also carry complementary identification which includes their name and photograph (i.e., ADO identification card, driver’s licence, health card, passport or similar valid identification) and the expiry date of the identification.

5.3.3 Comment: Chaperones do not have to carry documentation that identifies them by name or photograph. They only have to produce official authorisation documentation that is provided by the ADO, such as a Mission Order or an Authorisation Letter.

5.3.4 The ADO shall establish criteria to validate the identity of an Athlete selected to provide a Sample. This ensures the selected Athlete is the Athlete who is notified. The method of identification of the Athlete shall be documented on the doping control documentation.

5.3.5 The ADO, DCO or Chaperone, as applicable, shall establish the location of the selected Athlete and plan the approach and timing of notification, taking into consideration the specific circumstances of the sport/Competition/training session/etc and the situation in question.

5.3.6 The ADO shall establish a system for the detailed recording of Athlete notification attempt/s and outcome/s.

5.3.7 The Athlete shall be the first one notified that he/she has been selected for Sample collection except where prior contact with a third party is required as specified in Clause 5.3.8.

5.3.8 The ADO/DCO/Chaperone, as applicable, shall consider whether a third party is required to be notified prior to notification of the Athlete when the Athlete is a Minor (as provided for in Annex C – Modifications for Athletes who are Minors), or where required by an Athlete’s disability (as provided for in Annex B - Modifications for Athletes with disabilities), or in situations where an interpreter is required and available for the notification.

5.3.8 Comment: In the case of In-Competition Testing, it is permissible to notify third parties that Testing will be conducted, where required to help the Sample Collection Personnel to identify the Athlete(s) to be tested and to notify such Athlete(s) that he/she is required to provide a Sample. However, there is no requirement to notify any third party (e.g. a team doctor) of the Doping Control mission where such assistance is not needed.

[edit] 5.4 Requirements for notification of Athletes

5.4.1 When initial contact is made, the ADO, DCO or Chaperone, as applicable, shall ensure that the Athlete and/or a third party (if required in accordance with

Clause 5.3.8) is informed:

  • a) That the Athlete is required to undergo a Sample collection;
  • b) Of the authority under which the Sample collection is to be conducted;
  • c) Of the type of Sample collection and any conditions that need to be adhered to prior to the Sample collection;
  • d) Of the Athlete’s rights, including the right to:
    • i. Have a representative and if available, an interpreter;
    • ii. Ask for additional information about the Sample collection process;
    • iii. Request a delay in reporting to the Doping Control Station for valid reasons; and
    • iv. Request modifications as provided for in Annex B – Modifications for Athletes with disabilities.
  • e) Of the Athlete’s responsibilities, including the requirement to:
    • i. Remain within direct observation of the DCO/Chaperone at all times from the point of notification by the DCO/Chaperone until the

completion of the Sample collection procedure;

    • ii. Produce identification in accordance with Clause 5.3.4;
    • iii. Comply with Sample collection procedures (and the Athlete should be advised of the possible consequences of Failure to Comply); and
    • iv. Report immediately for a test, unless there are valid reasons for a delay, as determined in accordance with Clause 5.4.4.
  • g) That should the Athlete choose to consume food or fluids prior to providing a Sample, he/she does so at his/her own risk, and should in any

event avoid excessive rehydration, having in mind the requirement to produce a Sample with a Suitable Specific Gravity for Analysis.

  • h) That the Sample provided by the Athlete to the Sample Collection Personnel should be the first urine passed by the Athlete subsequent to

notification, i.e., he/she should not pass urine in the shower or otherwise prior to providing a Sample to the Sample Collection Personnel.

5.4.2 When contact is made, the DCO/Chaperone shall:

  • a) From this time until the Athlete leaves the Doping Control Station at the end of his/her Sample Collection Session, keep the Athlete under

observation at all times.

  • b) Identify themselves to the Athlete using the documentation referred to in Clause 5.3.3.
  • c) Confirm the Athlete’s identity as per the criteria established in Clause 5.3.4. Confirmation of the Athlete’s identity by any other method, or failure to confirm the identity of the Athlete, shall be documented and reported to the ADO.
  • d) In cases where the Athlete’s identity cannot be confirmed as per the criteria established in Clause 5.3.4, the ADO shall decide whether it is appropriate to follow up in accordance with Annex A – Investigating a possible failure to comply.

5.4.3 The Chaperone/DCO shall then have the Athlete sign an appropriate form to acknowledge and accept the notification. If the Athlete refuses to sign that he/she has been notified, or evades the notification, the Chaperone/DCO shall if possible inform the Athlete of the consequences of refusing or failing to comply, and the Chaperone (if not the DCO) shall immediately report all relevant facts to the DCO. When possible the DCO shall continue to collect a Sample. The DCO shall document the facts in a detailed report and report the circumstances to the ADO. The ADO shall follow the steps prescribed in Annex A – Investigating a Possible Failure to Comply.

5.4.4 The DCO/Chaperone may at their discretion consider any reasonable third party requirement or any request by the Athlete for permission to delay reporting to the Doping Control Station following acknowledgement and acceptance of notification, and/or to leave the Doping Control Station temporarily after arrival, and may grant such permission if the Athlete can be continuously chaperoned and kept under direct observation during the delay and if the request relates to the following activities:

For In-Competition Testing:

  • a) Participation in a victory ceremony;
  • b) Fulfilment of media commitments;
  • c) Competing in further Competitions;
  • d) Performing a warm down;
  • e) Obtaining necessary medical treatment;
  • f) Locating a representative and/or interpreter;
  • g) Obtaining photo identification; or
  • h) Any other exceptional circumstances which may be justified, and which shall be documented.

For Out-of-Competition Testing:

  • a) Locating a representative;
  • b) Completing a training session;
  • c) Receiving necessary medical treatment;
  • d) Obtaining photo identification;
  • e) Any other exceptional circumstances which can be justified, and which shall be documented.

5.4.5 The DCO or other authorised Sample Collection Personnel shall document any reasons for delay in reporting to the Doping Control Station and/or reasons for leaving the Doping Control Station that may require further investigation by the ADO. Any failure of the Athlete to remain under constant observation should also be recorded.

5.4.6 A DCO/Chaperone shall reject a request for delay from an Athlete if it will not be possible for the Athlete to be continuously chaperoned.

5.4.7 If the Athlete delays reporting to the Doping Control Station other than in accordance with Clause 5.4.4 but arrives prior to the DCO's departure, the DCO shall decide whether to process a possible Failure to Comply. If at all possible the DCO shall proceed with collecting a Sample, and shall document the details of the delay in the Athlete reporting to the Doping Control Station.

5.4.8 If, while keeping the Athlete under observation, Sample Collection Personnel observe any matter with potential to compromise the test, the circumstances shall be reported to and documented by the DCO. If deemed appropriate by the DCO, the DCO shall follow the requirements of Annex A – Investigating a Possible Failure to Comply, and/or consider if it is appropriate to collect an additional Sample from the Athlete.



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