Ski Cross Glossary

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[edit] A

Air Time: The time from the end of the jump till the landing

Arm guard: a specially designed cover that protects the arms from fall and the hitting the gate poles

[edit] B

Back protector: a specially designed cover that protects the back from impacts

Bank: An inclined curve out of snow which helps to make a turn.

Banked turn: turn that is set on an angle helping in the direction of the turn.

Basketball turn: reverse banked turn, off angle, fall-away. The bank works against the direction of the turn.

big final: the final round from of a ski cross competition

Blocking: purposeful preventing a faster skier from passing, by turning or protecting the line.

Body armor: Specially designed anatomically pieces of equipment that protects certain body parts

Boot height: the height of the heel or sole of the boot from the bottom of the boot

Bounced, or Bouncing: missing transitions through a roller section, or what you do when you "knuckle."

Boxed or Boxed in: stuck in a place / position that doesn't allow you to do what you want.

Brackets: A group of 4 skiers that are selected to compete against each other

Butter or buttered: skiing a section or terrain very smoothly

[edit] C

Case, Cased or Casing: coming up short on a jump, landing before transition.

Change of Direction: crossing the fall line twice

Colored bibs: Red, Green Blue and Yellow bibs used to in Ski Cross

Coloring: a liquid that is used to mark different parts of the course to increase visibility and provide information about the coming features

Corner jump: A jump with a sharp turn on landing

Count down clock: a digital light display used to count down the time before the next start sequence

Course design: a detailed plan of the layout of the course including the number of features, changes of direction, safety measures and finish area

Course designer: An individual that consider the natural features of slope and then using them and additionally creating new artificial temporary features prepares a drawing and construction plan for the course.

Course length: the measured length of the course in meters from the start gate to the finish line.

Course testing: a series of runs before the official training which determines the suitability of the course for competition.

[edit] D

Determination of winner: crossing the finish first or the getting the further down the course

DIC Disqualified for Intentional Contact

Disqualification: Will be classified as DSQ, but not ranked, caused unsportsmanlike behavior.

Drafting: following closely behind another skier.

Draw: a random sorting of the different seeded groups to determine the start list

[edit] F

Fall line: The most direct and fastest way to a slope

Features: a series of natural or specially designed course elements on the course

Finalist: The number of competitors allowed to compete in the final rounds of the competition

Finish area: The area directly after the finish line and before the exit gate. The area is for deceleration

Finish line: A demarked line where the end of the field of play

Finish line camera: A high speed camera that take pictures at a rate of 1000 per second. It is used to determine who crossed the finish, first, second or third.

Finish Referee:

First Turn: The first change of direction after the start gate demarked by a gate

Flat turn: The turn with no jump or roll in any part of the turn

[edit] G

Gate flag: A triangular panel held in place by short pole (stubies) on the short side and longer pole on the other side.

Gate judge: A competition official that determines if the skier has passed thru the gate according to the rules

[edit] H

Heat: A group of 4 to 6 skier that been determined by the qualifications ranking or by the successful advancement from previous round

Heat order: List of heats in order that they run in

Hole shot: The skier with the fastest start and therefore that times the body motions with the exact timing of the opening of the start gate.

[edit] I

Incidental Contact:

Inspection: A set time when the competitors can review the course from the start to 'finish'. They need to have their equipment on including the helmet and bib. They cannot ski the course but must slide down and observation the location of the features and turns.

Interval: the set time between between different heats and phase

[edit] K

Kicker: Take Off point for all varieties of jumps

Knuckle: place on a feature where a flat spot rolls into a transition.

Knuckled: landing just short of making the transition.

KO System: 'KO' stands for 'Knock Out', which means a system that eliminates part of the field after each heat.

[edit] L

Land marks: Positions on the body

Landing: The steep slope that the skiers make contact with the snow after a jump

Locked: stuck on edge, off-balance without the ability to release

Lane choice: Each gate is colored coded and the skier with the better rank in the qualification round get to chose first, 2nd chooses second, etc.

LZ (Landing Zone): LZ stands for Landing Zone, which is the probable location where the competitors will land, given speed of the section of the course, the size of the jump and the angle of the takeoff

Race Line –The actual line the skier takes as they come down the course. Also known as “The Track”.

High Line – The area uphill of the Race Line, both above and below the gate.

Low Late Line – The area downhill of the Race Line, both above and below the gate.

Outside Wide Line – The area to the outside of the Race Line.

Inside Outside the Gate – The area “outside the gate” is between the turning pole and the outside gate. The area “inside the gate” is opposite. It is the area from the turning pole away from the outside gate.

[edit] M

Missed gate: Not properly passing thru a gate according to the rules

[edit] N

Nail or nailed: skiing a section, features or terrain very well and fast

[edit] O

Over-shoot, over-shot: jumping long on a feature, missing the transition, or ideal landing area.

[edit] P

Pancaked, Pancaking: landing flat and hard, either short or long.

Pass / passing: one skier overtakes or moves past another skier's) due to a high velocity of the passing skiers or a lower velocity of passed skier

Photo finish is the image take by a high speed camera of the skiers that cross the finish line. Photo Finish PF occurs in a sporting race, when two (or more) competitors cross the finish line at near the same time. As the naked eye may not be able to discriminate between which of the competitors crossed the line first, a strip photo, a series of rapidly triggered photographs, or a video taken at the finish line may be used for a more accurate check. Nowadays, the photographs may be digital but usually involve special equipment.

Poling:Part of the upper movements to increase velocity

Pre-Jump Pre-Jump is a body move to lift skis by (flexion of the lower body) into the air before reaching the crest of a jump. This results in the trajectory follows the contour of the bump, resulting in less height of the jump and more speed.

Pro jump: see 'step down' jump

Protection: Plastic protection for various parts of the body (i.e. shoulders, arms, back, legs).

[edit] Q

Qualification: an interval based time trail

[edit] R

Roller: A “wave or series of waves” (gentle jumps) which the athlete can either absorb or jump.

Roller turn:


[edit] S

Seeding: A ranking of the skiers based upon their world cup standings and FIS points

Service area: a location on the course usually at the start where the service personnel prepare the skis

Service tech: A service person that prepares and maintains technical equipment

Sintered Base: High molecular-weight base formed by the heating and compression of small fragments of P-tex. Sintered bases absorb and hold wax better and are more durable than extruded bases, i.e. they are faster.

Skating: lower body movement where the skiers put the skis on the edge and pushes off to increase velocity

Ski marking: the process used to identity the skis that can be used in competitions

Ski plates:

Ski preparation: the preparation of the base and ski edges to increase performance

Ski suit: Shall be made of two pieces, pants and top and worn over the body armor

Ski suit measurement: See Equipment Rules 6.1

Skiing line: the fastest line around the gates

Sling-shot: using the draft to accelerate and eventually pass another skier.

Small final: The heat that decides the ranking for 5th to 8th place.

Snow temperature: the surface temperature of the snow measured in degree Celsius


Speed check:

Squeezed: getting caught between two skiers, or a skier and a gate, or fence, and are unable to move

Staging area:

Start command: A three announcements are given, with different instructions at each phase., The start command is 'Skiers Ready', 'Attention!!'

Start gate: A mechanical device and opening system.

Start handles: 10 cm long posts 95 cm of the snow located on the start gate, that skiers hold onto to gain some mechanical advantage once the gate opens.

Start Referee:

Step Down Jump: A jump where the landing is lower than the starting point.

Step Up Jump: A jump where the landing is higher than the starting point.

Straight Jump:

[edit] T

Table: A jump where the landing is on the same level or a little higher than the kicker.

Table-top: A jump where the take-off is at a similar level as the landing. Where the athlete has the option of clearing the flat portion in the middle and landing on the down slope of the feature or if traveling at a reduced speed can ski across the top.

Traverse: Traveling perpendicular to the fall line.

Tucking: Taking an aerodynamic position by reducing the frontal surface area.

Turn around time: the total time it take to start and complete a run and arrive back to the start area.

Turing Gates: this is the part of the gate a skier skis around.  A gate consists of 2 poles and it is the inside pole which the skier skis around.

[edit] V

Vertical drop: the total difference expressed in meters from the start elevation to the finish elevation.

Video control: the viewing of live video image of the competition course and watching for pushing pulling, grabbing, blocking and missed gates

[edit] W

Waxing: Application of substances to the ski base

Working or Worked: Using the terrain to generate speed. (synonymous with pumping, milking)

[edit] Y

Yellow flag: used by the gate personal to indicated that there has been an obstruction on the course.

[edit] Also see

Return to Aerial Glossary, Mogul Glossary, General Definitions, Freestyle Skiing or Ski Cross

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