Mogul Glossary

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[edit] A

Air: A jump in the mogul run in which the skier uses to perform jumps. Two airs are required in each moguls run.

Air Bump: A specially constructed jump that has been set in the mogul course.


[edit] B

Backscratcher: Competitor touches his/her back with the tail of both skis. The knees bend under the body, the shoulders and hips have to lean back to avoid falling forward.

Body Position: The stance, balance and movement of the competitor’s body.


[edit] C

Carving: Technique of edging the skis through turns to control speed. Efficient use of edging to control speed in and out of the turns during a run.

Control Gate: A series of 10 equally spaced gates set on the mogul course.

Cross: The crossing of the skis in an “X”.

[edit] D

Daffy: Legs are spread wide with one in front of the body and the other behind. The front ski tip is pointed up, the back tip is pointed down, skis are parallel.

Double Upright: The combination of two moves in one jump.

[edit] F

Fall line: An imaginary line that combines the steepest pitch and most direct line, from top to bottom, of any slope.

Four-point landing: Both poles plant when the skier lands from a jump.

Four-point takeoff: Both poles plant as the skier takes off from the mogul.

[edit] G

Grab: In a jump, the skier reaches and holds a part of the ski for a duration of time. Performing a grab results in a higher degree of difficulty.

[edit] H

Helicopter: An upright aerial spin of 360 degrees.

[edit] I

Inverted Jumps: These jumps consist of either flips or loops. These jumps can also have twists, positions or Grab.

Iron Cross: The ski tips are crossed while the competitor stays upright.

[edit] K

Kosak: A combination of a Spread Eagle and a Zudnik.

[edit] L

Landing Angle: LA is the angle of the landing measured in degrees.

Loop: is a rotation around the central axis ‘sagittal’ of the body.

[edit] M

Mule Kick: A 90-degree drop of the skis with a 45-degree twist to the side. The tips drop but the heels are kicked out to one side.

Mogul: A roll or ridge of snow caused by skier traffic.

Mogul course The specially prepared ski slope, according to the FIS standards where the moguls competition occurs.

Multiple Manoeuvres: Any combinations of trick(s). An example is a Double Daffy, a Daffy Twister Spread or an Off-Axis with two positions.

[edit] O

Off-Axis: A titled rotation to one side of the vertical axis, which is the results of a forwards and sidewise or backwards and sidewise leaning during the takeoff of 360 or 720 jump.

[edit] P

Pace Time: Is a calculated value which is different for men and ladies. To calculate the pace time take the course length in metres then it by the pace time value.

Position: In a jump, the skier can creates a position, like crossing the skis, for a duration of time. Performing a position results in a higher degree of difficulty.

[edit] Q

Quadruple: Performing 4 positions during a jump.

Quint: Performing 5 positions during a jump.

[edit] S

Spread: Competitors arms are extended and legs split apart to the side. The upper body remains upright with ski tips and tails even and parallel.

Switch: A change in the direction of either the takeoff or the landing of jump. Instead of coming in front wards to the jump, the skier change direction 180 degrees and goes off the jump backwards. A Switch can also refer to the landing, when the jump is landed backwards.

Speed: The time it takes the skier to complete is worth 25% of their final score.

[edit] R

Reverse trough: The technique of skiing on top of the moguls and turning in the opposite direction of the ruts.

RNS: Receives No Score.

Ruts: The deep area between moguls. The deepest section between the moguls.

[edit] T

Tip Cross: The ski tips cross, the competitor stays upright.

Triple Upright: A combination of three positions in one jump.

Trough: Ruts, or a deep path through the moguls.

Turns: Consistent changes in direction of travel to either side of the fall line.

Twister: Skis twist 90 degrees to one side of the body, hands and body twist to the opposite side.

[edit] W

With Position: The addition of a position to a jump, i.e. “360 with Position’


[edit] Y

Yard sale A wipeout fall in which skis, poles, hat, etc. end up strewn along the mountainside.

[edit] Z

Zudnik: The upper body leans forward toward the tips of the skis.

360, 540, 720, 900, 1080]: The number of complete spins (1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 or 3) made during a jump.

4-Point Takeoff: Both poles plant as the competitor pops off a mogul when jumping.

4-Point Landing: Both poles plant when the competitor lands from a jump.

[edit] Also see



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