Digital video

Digital video (DV)is a type of video recording system that works by using a digital rather than an analog video signal.

Digital video comprises a series of orthogonal bitmap digital images displayed in rapid succession at a constant rate. In the context of video these images are called frames. Tthe rate at which frames are displayed in frames per second (FPS).

Since every frame is an orthogonal bitmap digital image it comprises a raster of pixels. If it has a width of W pixels and a height of H pixels we say that the frame size is WxH.

Pixels have only one property, their color. The color of a pixel is represented by a fixed amount of bits. The more bits the more subtle variations of colors we can reproduce. This is called the color depth (CD) of the video.

An example video can have a duration (T) of 1 hour (3600sec), a frame size of 640x480 (WxH) at a color depth of 24bits and a frame rate of 25fps. This example video has the following properties:

• pixels per frame = 640 * 480 = 307,200
• bits per frame = 307,200 * 24 = 7,372,800 = 7.37Mbits
• bit rate (BR) = 7.37 * 25 = 184.25Mbits/sec
• video size (VS) = 184Mbits/sec * 3600sec = 662,400Mbits = 82,800Mbytes = 82.8Gbytes

 Reference

• Wikipedia Digital video