Aerial Glossary

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Aerial Glossary of Terms:

Contents

[edit] B

Back: The direction of travel of skiers jump. Also known as a single flip.

Back Full: A back flip with a full twist.

Back layout: Single flip in layout position.

Back somersault: One single backflip.

Back tuck: Single backflip in the tuck position.

Backscratcher: The skier touches his or her back with the tails of both skis. The legs are together, the knees are bent underneath the body, and the skis are parallel.

[edit] D

Daffy: The skier spreads his or her legs wide apart with one in front of the body and one behind. The front ski points straight up and the back ski points straight down.

Double: Two flips.

Double full: Single Layout flip with two twists.

Double full, full, full: Three flips with four twists. Two twists on the first flip, right off the jump.

Double layout or Lay-lay: Two flips in the layout position.

Double somersault: Two flips.

[edit] H

Half: A flip with a half twist (180 degrees), performed in layout or puck position.

Half In: A half twist on the first flip of a double or triple somersault.

Half Out: A half twist on the last flip of a double or triple somersault.

[edit] F

Front somersault: One forward flip.

Front tuck: Single front flip in the tuck position.

Full: A flip with a full twist.

Full in: A full twist on the first flip of a double or triple somersault.

Full in, full out: Two flips with each flip having one twist.

Full out: A full twist on the last flip of a double or triple somersault.

Full tuck/pike: Two flips, with one twist in the first flip.

Full, double full: Two flips with three twists, with a double twist in the second flip.

Full, double full, full: Three flips with four twists. The second flip has two twists.

Full, double full, tuck: Three flips with three twists; the second flip has two twists.

Full, full, full: Three flips with three twists. Each flip has one twist.

Full, lay: Two flips in the layout position with one twist in the first flip.

Full, tuck, full: Three flips with two twists; the second flip is without a twist.

Flip: as Somersault, which is either performed backwards, frontwards or sideways.

[edit] H

Half: A flip with a half-twist.

Half in: A half-twist on the first flip of a double or triple somersault.

Half out: A full twist on the first flip of a double or triple somersault.

Half, full, half: Three flips with two twists. The first and third flips has a half twists, the second flip has full twist.

Half, half, full: Three flips. The first has a half-twist, the second has a half-twist, and the third has a full twist.

Half, rudy, full: A triple backflip, the first with a half-twist, one and a half in the second, and a full twist in the third.

Half, tuck, half: Three flips with two half-twists. Two half twists are performed in the first and third flips.

Half-half: Two flips with a half-twist in both.

Height and distance: A component of the jumping score. A term used to describe the aerialist's flight in the air.

Height and Distance: The arc that the competitor travels when jumping. A section of the air score.

[edit] I

Inrun The prepared slope, where the skier can gain speed before going off of the jump.

[edit] K

Kicker: The Aerial Jump.

Knoll: The line that separates the table from the landing hill.

[edit] L

Layout or Lay: The body is extended as straight as possible.

Lay, full: Double flip in the layout position with a full twist in the second flip.

Lay, full, full: A double-twisting triple flip. Twists occur in the second and third flips.

Lay, full, tuck: Triple flip, first in the layout position, second flip with a twist, third in a tuck.

Lay, lay, full: Triple flip, first two flips in layout position, third laid out with a twist.

Lay, tuck: Double flip, with the first in the layout position and the second in the tuck position.

Lay, tuck, full: A triple flip, the first in the layout position, the second in the tuck position, and the third in the layout with a twist.

Lay, tuck, tuck: A triple flip, the first in the layout position and the last two in the tuck position.

Layout: Body position is extended as straight as possible.

Loop: A side flip, where the skier rotates around the central axis.

[edit] P

Pike: The body bends at the waist, the legs remain straight. A "V" or jack-knife position.

Puck: The body is in an open position with legs pulled up 45 degrees (hands do not necessarily touch the knees).

Pop: The extension or snap at the end of the jump which sets the flip in motion.

[edit] Q

Quadruple or Quad: Four flips.

[edit] R

R1 Radius 1, the transition between the inrun and the Table

R2 Radius 2, the transition between the Table and the Landing

Randy: A flip with 2 ½ twists.

Rudy: A flip with 1½ twists.

[edit] S

Single: One flip.

Sling: A bad takeoff from the kickers that sets a very fast rotation. Slings usually happen when a jumper throws his/her arms and shoulders back too quickly.

Slap Back: When a jumper over-rotates on landing and they go to their back before standing up and skiing out of the outrun.

Surface Tension Surface tension is a measure of the strength of the water's surface film. The attraction between the water molecules creates a strong film. This surface tension permits water to hold up substances heavier and denser than itself.

[edit] T

Takeoff: A good takeoff has knees, hips and arms all completely extended as a competitor’s feet cross the end of the kicker.

Table: The flat area where the jumps are built.

Triple: Three flips.

Tuck: The knees are pulled up in front of the body to an angle of 90 degrees from the body.

Twist: A spin (rotation of the body around the vertical axis).

3: Three hundred and sixty (360) spin around the vertical axis.

7: Seven hundred and twenty (720) spins around the vertical axis.

70: Seven hundred and twenty (720) spins Off-axis, around the vertical axis.

[edit] Also see


Return to Aerials, Mogul Glossary, Ski Cross Glossary, General Definitions or Freestyle Skiing

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